If you are searching for world history homework answers and need a Migration Period essay sample then read the excerpt below:
Human migration is responsible for the deposition of different races around the world, as well as for the dispersion of different cultures. The geography of the planet plays an enormous role in this. For instance, mountain ranges generally present obstacles or form boundaries between cultures, though some cultures have actually made these obstacles home.
Other geographic features that play a role in the dispersion of cultures and in migration include features like swamps, dense forests, and oceans. Often, humans have found a way over, around, or through obstacles, but it can be time consuming, and almost all geographic features have some effect on migration patterns.
An example of the ramifications of human migration, exploration, and exploitation can be found with the Columbian Exchange. During this period, people, plants, animals, and diseases were carried from Europe and other parts of the world to the New World and back. For instance, the potato came from the New World and was unknown in Europe before then. However, it became such a staple in such a short time, that a crop failure in Ireland produced the Irish Potato Famine.
Another example would be the almost total decimation of Native Americans by diseases from European colonists, as well as the revolution that took place when coffee began to replace alcohol as the drinking man’s beverage of choice.
The physical environment is both friend and foe to humanity. Humans depend on the local environment for many things. For instance, farmers depend on adequate rainfall to ensure a good harvest and enough food for their livestock. Humans also modify and change their environment to better meet their needs.
Natural disasters and extreme weather play a role in how humans interact with the physical environment. For instance, an area with a high amount of volcanism will usually have cultures that do not put as much emphasis on owning physical goods. Hurricanes, floods, tsunamis, and other natural disasters also affect human settlements. Often, severe weather limits the size of a population in an area. This can be the result of only a small number of people within a culture in a given area, or it could be through depopulation as more people move away from an area that has recently become prone to severe weather. As global warming continues to alter the world’s weather patterns, increased human migration will result.
The impact of settlements on the environment cannot be minimized. Many human activities have a detrimental impact on the environment, from over-fishing to pollution produced through the generation of electricity, construction, and industry. Increasing pollution and environmental damage has led to a dramatic increase in the need for sustainable development through different methods. One such method is limited populations in certain areas. Another is more stringent controls for pollution and monitoring of industries by watchdog organizations.
Finally, the development of renewable resources to replace nonrenewable resources is an essential consideration. Nonrenewable resources such as coal, crude oil, and natural gas must be replaced by renewable resources such as wind and solar power, geothermal energy production, and bio fuels. This is an essential factor to maintaining a livable environment around the world and reducing the impact of human activities, as well as reversing current harmful environmental trends, such as global warming.
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